Dating a newly recovered alcoholic
By the second half of the 10th century, Kumayri was under the influence of the Armenian Pahlavuni family, who were descendents of the Kamsarakans.
The Pahlavunis had a great contribution in the progress of Shirak with the foundation of many fortresses, monastic complexes, educational institutions, etc.
Gyumri is the seat of the Diocese of Shirak of the Armenian Apostolic Church.
The area of modern-day Gyumri was known as Kumayri during the period of the Kingdom of Urartu.
The city's population grew above 200,000 prior to the 1988 Spitak earthquake, when it was devastated.
As of the 2011 census, the city had a population of 121,976, down from 150,917 reported at the 2001 census.
In 1837, Kumayri was renamed Alexandropol after of Tsar Nicholas I's wife, Princess Alexandra Fyodorovna.
Between 19, the city was known as Leninakan in honor of Vladimir Lenin.
Kumayri entered e new era of growth and progress, particularly when the nearby city of Ani became the capital of the kingdom in 961.It is likely that the name has been originated from the Cimmerians who conquered the region and probably founded the settlement.Under the domination of the Turkic tribes, Kumayri was Turkified as Gümrü.The area was mentioned as Kumayri in the historic Urartian inscriptions dating back to the 8th century BC.In 720 BC, the Cimmerians conquered the region and probably founded the Kumayri settlement, which bears phonetic resemblance to the word used by ancient Armenian in reference to Cimmerians.
However, at the beginning of the 5th century BC, Kumayri became part of the Satrapy of Armenia under the rule of the Orontids.